Which Tech Stack to Choose for Your Startups in 2020
Tech stacks are generally called the data ecosystem for storing and analyzing the technologies used to build a product. Tech stacks vary from web apps to mobile apps and from enterprises to startups. Besides this, factors like the launch time, hiring a dedicated staff also affects the tech stacks.
Tech stacks are a combination of two software development aspects namely the frontend, and the backend. The frontend is the real ecosystem where your users will interact, while the backend consists of the server, the web app, web server, database and programming language. So, if you are looking to select the most suitable tech stacks for startups, then you must know the factors that should impact your decision and help you make the right decision.
What should your decision be based on?
There are various types of tech stacks easily available for web developers. But it would help if you considered the below factors for selecting the best match for your projects.
1. Type of project
The variety of projects is the most critical aspect for choosing the tech stack for a startup. If you have a small project, then you can go with standard content management systems like WordPress. For an average project, you can consider combining CMS with suitable programming languages like JS, C++, Python and others. while complex projects need web apps with specially designed functions. Giant e-commerce platforms need specially designed web technologies for their complex projects.
2. Your Team’s Know-how
Your developers’ expertise is also the crucial factor to consider while selecting the best tech stack for your startup. Your developer’s knowledge will be vital as he may trudge issues while producing codes. Your developer has to be very experienced as you need to run a project and meet the deadline. Choose a tech stack that is based on a vast community and proper documentation.
3. Time to Market
For launching a product, you need a lot of planning for the development and delivering the project on time is challenging. The time to market heavily depends on the technology stack that you select for your web app. You can consider RoR stack with the impressive open-source libraries called gems. You can also find third-party solutions for seamless integration of functions in the project. Besides, your developer’s expertise is also significant for your time to market. An experienced developer will help you to release your product on time and bug-free.
It refers to the ability of web apps to handle the work. Your web app must be developed to control the growth spurt with the increase in the app users. The tech stack should be able to accommodate future growth of the app. The dimensions of the growth could be vertical as well as horizontal.
The maintenance of the web app depends on the codebase and underlying software architecture. For maintenance, it is essential to choose the programming language, that uses short and reusable codes. Besides, the software architecture supports the probability, reusability and scalability of the app that influences the configuration of the dynamic and static component.
6. Availability of talent
There are many technologies that are hot but finding a good developer in that technology is hard- Why? Because in-demand developers are already taken. For an industry that is already plagued with the shortage in supply, developers on the hotter side of the spectrum are further hard to find. This is currently true for Python, React Native and Node developers. Before that, it was for GoLang and even before that – at the start of the decade for Ruby. Ruby and Golang also show what happens when technology wanes down. There is just no new talent entering the market and that makes the price for a good developer even higher. When planning your tech stack goes for the stack for which talent is available today as well in the future.
Options Available for tech stacks
The following are the most popular tech stacks amongst the worldwide developer’s community. You can check out each of them and select which stack works well for your project.
Python is an interpreted, high-end, general-purpose programming language. It significantly reduces the need for coding. It also has very high utility due to its use of third-party modules. The extensibility of Python enables developers to write code in languages such as C++ and C#.
Advantages of Python:
- It has third-party modules
- Extensive support libraries
- User-friendly data structures
- High productivity and speed
- Easy to learn
Java is an object-oriented, platform-independent programming language designed to have negligible implementation reliance. It is extremely powerful, secure, and has cross-stage capabilities. In recent years, it has become the most preferred language in developer communities. It also supports multi-threading, which allows programs to run multiple applications simultaneously.
Advantages of Java:
- It is platform-independent
- Object-oriented language
- Easy to learn
- Multi-threading allows maximum CPU utilization
- Allows developers to develop virus-free systems
3. LAMP Stack
It is one of the earliest stacks to gather huge popularity based on open source software components. The main aspects of LAMP are The Apache HTTP Server, MySQL, Linux and the PHP programming language. It is the most conventional stack model in the world and is interchangeable with Python and Perl.
Variations of LAMP include:
- LAPP (Linux/Apache/PostgreSQL/PHP)
- XAMPP (Linux, Mac OS X, Windows/Apache/MySQL/PHP, Perl)
- WAMP (Windows/Apache/MySQL/PHP)
- MAMP (Mac OS X/Apache/MySQL/PHP)
Disadvantages of LAMP stack:
- Does not run many windows programs
- Performance problems when under stress
- Not as fast as its counterparts
- Less features than other applications
- Difficult for developers to learn
4. ROR Stack
The ruby on rails stack simplifies quick app development due to its rich repository of gems and library integrations. The framework is highly scalable, and it follows the ActiveRecord pattern, which is compatible with MySQL. It helps the developers to abstract away the lower-level database commands so that you can write codes in ActiveRecord Syntax.
Tools and framework used in ROR stack:
5. .Net stack
.Net technology enables developers to create a feature-rich and bug-free framework for dynamic and interactive web apps. It is a subset of overflow stack which is a comprehensive tech stack covering all aspects of web frontend, .Net developers and database.
Hero features of .Net tech stack:
- Language independence
Disadvantages of .Net stack:
- It only comes with Entity Framework
- Does not have multi-platform support from Microsoft
- It’s not accessible straight after implementing Visual Studio
- Migration of applications from .Net is expensive
- Managing code can be slower than native code
Out of these technology stacks, some offer much better features than others. In Python, the ease of use and extensive libraries increase the developer’s productivity more than any other language. It is also the best choice for AI and ML-based development. Java has a remarkable identifier that identifies bytecode and confirms it before runtime. Since it follows LIFO (Last in First Out), it offers maximum flexibility to store and recover information. These features make Java and Python the best technology stacks available in the market.
Technology Stack for Mobile Development
Different frameworks are used for development in iOS and Android.
Kotlin – This programming language was specifically developed to work with Java. Google supports Kotlin for Android development and offers it as an alternative to the Java compiler in Android Studio. Kotlin reduces the time required for programming in app development.
Objective-C – A programming language that has phenomenal development experience and many available libraries. It is also compatible with other programming technologies.
Swift – This a framework introduced by Apple. Developers have said that it is easy to work with and learn. It also has better performance than Objective-C. Currently, it is the best alternative to Objective-C and might even replace it in the future.
Why is MEAN Stack with AWS recommended?
It supports the MVC pattern, and it is also mobile-friendly due to Angular JS. It is flexible, and it’s NoSQL and Node.js’s JS module library makes it the most probable solution for building a scalable and agile app. The developers can easily switch between the document-based NoSQL to SQL with flexibility in structuring the data.
Selecting the right tech stack for your startup is based on two things, the project and the developer. It would help if you did a thorough research about your project’s requirements, its type and its launch. Besides, you also need to consult with your team of developers to know their expertise to handle the work. A right tech stack is the key to the overall success of your projects and thus, your organization.