The Technology Stack Used By Social Media Apps
The two most important aspects of an app are frontend and backend. So, choosing the right technology stack for each part is crucial.
Frontend – This is the user interface of the application. The user spends all their time interacting with the UI. Hence, frontend is an essential part of a social networking app. Ionic framework, React, and Redux are excellent options for mobile frontend. The most popular and widely used frontend frameworks include AngularJS and ReactJS. Both are open-source and are developed by Google and Facebook, respectively.
Along with the optimization of page content and libraries, the use of CDN also ensures that the application has a faster load time. It loads content from the nearest location of the user. The use of AWS Cloudfront can make a significant difference in terms of loading speed along with supporting caching strategy.
Backend – Node.js is the most famous tool used for backend development. It can be used to create dynamic social media apps with chats, likes, and comments. It also has excellent data processing capabilities. By pairing Node.js with Ember.js, you can make your application scalable. Microservice application strategy must be followed to create scalable applications. If you create a microservice for a social networking app, it can be scaled easily. Therefore, even if it goes down, the entire site will not be affected.
The use of technologies like Queue can also help in batch processing huge asynchronous requests like sending emails, notifications on the backend.
Database – Social media apps require a lot of processing power to process enormous amounts of data. Most social media apps use JSON format. Many prominent databases support this format. You can choose from options like SQLite, MySQL, or NoSQL database.
For such applications, speed is critical. Hence, developers have to design the database layer considering read latency, write latency, etc., while making sure it has support in different regions.